Here we leave you the best gardening tips to take care of your garden. If gardening is your thing, you have to read this article. And if it is not your thing.
The Best Gardening Tips
- Don’t plant too tight, give the plants room to develop well according to their size.
- Dig wide holes; Take out all the weeds you can and mix the soil with organic fertilizer, for example, manure, mulch, compost, peat, etc. Instead of organic fertilizer, you can use mineral fertilizer (chemical fertilizer), but only as an alternative, since the first one is preferred at the time of planting.
- In the case of trees, do not forget to nail and hold the specimen to a firm guardian so that it remains vertical.
- To know how to water the plants it is necessary a lot of observation and to learn from the mistakes.
- During the first year after planting, do not neglect watering because the roots are still shallow.
- Water early in the morning or at dusk, not with the sun high above.
- It provides more water if the plant is in full sun or if it is exposed to winds.
- Don’t wet the flowers because they will last less.
- It is always better to fall short to go overboard.
- Every year you must provide all your plants (trees, shrubs, roses, flowers, grass, etc.) some type of fertilizer.
- You can only fertilize with organic fertilizers, such as manure, mulch, compost, earthworm humus, guano, peat …, but it is best to use an organic fertilizer combined with mineral fertilizer.
- The organic fertilizer is made in winter or autumn, spreading on the ground a layer of 2 or 3 cm (if it is guano, less); then it is lightly buried with the hoe. Once a month or every two months (in winter, nothing), spread a handful of granules of conventional mineral fertilizers at the base of the plants, eg Nitrophoska. If you use so-called slow-release fertilizers, the nutrients are released little by little, over 3 months or more, and one application in spring and one in autumn is enough instead of a little every month.
- Lastly, I recommend that you add iron chelates and other micronutrients to the soil, or spray them on the leaves to anticipate the lack of Iron and thus have greener leaves. Do this once a month.
- The lawn fertilizer with 3 applications/year.
- If you want to have a garden free of weeds, take note of the following tips:
- In bushes, rockeries, cactus gardens, gravel roads, etc., before planting, place an anti-grass mesh. Over the mesh, spread pine bark, Chinese or colored gravel to achieve an aesthetic finish.
- Another option is padding or mulching. It consists of covering the soil at the foot of the plants with pine bark, gravel, straw, mulch, peat, mulch, compost … Very effective so that seeds do not germinate.
- Perennial Herbs such as Grama, Sedge, Cañota, Correhuela, etc. they are difficult to eradicate because they sprout again and again. If you tear them off by hand or with a hoe, having constancy, they will weaken and will come out less and less without having to resort to glyphosate-type herbicides.
- Water the day before weeding so that the soil is humid so that weeds can be removed more easily.
- Trees, shrubs, climbers and rose bushes are pruned in winter, but light interventions can be done throughout the year and should be done, to eliminate undesirable elements such as:
– Dry, broken, diseased branches.
– Branches that hinder the passage of people.
– Branches that have grown a lot (suckers).
– Sprouts that may have arisen from the same root.
– Flowers and past fruits.
– Branches that have turned out completely green in variegated plants. If you don’t, you will lose the yellow or white variegation of the leaves.
- Formal hedges require at least 2 cuts a year, but in milder climates, Mediterranean type, it will take between 3 and 5 to keep them perfectly outlined.
- Live and Seasonal Plants if they are lanky and sparse, the tips of the shoots should be trimmed slightly to cause lateral stems to develop and to make a more compact and branched bush. This way they will give more flowers.
- Oregano, Mint, Melissa, Lavender, Thyme, Sage, Santolina … cut them out after flowering to provoke a new healthy development; if not, they will become woody.
6. CONTROL PESTS AND DISEASES
- If you grow your plants correctly, with their irrigation, their fertilizer, sufficient light, etc., they will be strong and vigorous and will be much more resistant to attacks by pests and diseases.
- Frequently inspect leaves to detect parasites or any signs of disease. The sooner you discover them, the easier their control will be.
- Attention to the most frequent pests such as the Aphid, the Mealybug, and the Whitefly.
- If the previous year there have been strong attacks by a pest or fungus, it is logical that it will repeat itself, therefore, you should treat preventively with insecticides or fungicides.
- Preventively treat the roses once a month with a fungicide to avoid fungi such as powdery mildew, mildew, black spot, and rust.
- The Geranium Butterfly must be combated by spraying every 15 days; whether it is a symptom or not.
- Hand catch beetles, caterpillars, worms, snails, slugs … the latter at night after a rain or watering.
- You can use Ladybugs to partially control the Aphid. Collect all you see (adults and larvae), put them in a box and distribute them to the Aphid attacked plants.
- Cut and burn leaves that have been attacked by fungi.
You may also like to read- https://interesteye.co.uk/