Cilantro, scientifically named Coriandrum sativum and also known as coriander, Chinese parsley or dania, is a plant native to the southern regions of Europe and North Africa.
It is an annual herb between 40 and 60 cm high, typical of temperate climates. As it is of undemanding cultivation, its use is very widespread, and it is highly valued for its culinary, aromatic and even medicinal properties.
How to plant cilantro step by step
When sowing cilantro, you can do it directly outdoors, but since it is a plant that can not withstand frost or very intense heat, it is recommended to sow in a pot indoors if you are not sure if your climate is right.
To choose the sowing time of coriander, outdoors it is recommended to sow in spring for temperate climates, and in autumn in very hot climates. Indoors, you can plant at any time of the year if you put the pot in the right place.
Prepare a pot with a generic substrate and about 25 cm deep. The important thing is that the mix has good drainage, and you can add some fertilizer if you want to make sure your coriander seeds grow well. Moisten the earth with water so that it does not puddle, and drop the seeds spreading gently, then cover them with a few millimeters more substrate.
Place the pot in a bright area, where it receives a good supply of natural light. If you live in very hot weather, keep it away from the windows in the hottest hours and incidence, but let it receive the sun the rest of the time. Keep the soil moist too, but always do not overdo it and spray the water gently so you do not move seeds or seedlings. In about ten days your seeds should have germinated.
It continues maintaining an adequate irrigation and contributing to the plant enough sunlight. The process of growing cilantro is not complicated nor does it need additional care, so it should not take long to have your own plants soon, which you can harvest to consume yourself in its many different ways.
Properties of coriander for health and uses
Coriander fruits are widely used in the cuisines of many countries, and the leaves are used in the preparation of chutney, green sauce and guacamole, in addition to many other recipes.
However, cilantro also stands out for its proven medicinal properties. Enter the properties of cilantro for health and its use highlights that it is a plant with digestive, stimulant, bactericidal and antispasmodic properties. In addition, its bactericidal effect makes it useful to combat bad breath problems if its leaves are chewed, and the juice from the soft parts of the plant can be used as a natural body deodorant.
The tea cilantro helps reduce cholesterol levels and cilantro juice can be applied to wounds for their antibacterial and anti-inflammatory effects.
Traditional medicine also attributes its use as an aphrodisiac and, in fact, this is mentioned in The Thousand and One Nights.
How to grow cilantro – guide
Cilantro is an annual plant, so its growth is rapid and once it is harvested, there is no more to prepare the next planting. Therefore, it does not require great care or details to be taken into account. Despite this, we leave here a reminder of the most important points to remember about how to grow cilantro at home:
Cilantro requires a lot of natural light. If you live in a temperate zone, you can expose it to direct sunlight throughout the day without any problem. In warmer or tropical climates, however, it is best not to expose it to the harshest and hottest hours.
This plant is grateful to have moist soil, but waterlogging will make it sick or suffer attacks. Water always spraying the water on the ground, and do not let the substrate puddle. If the plant has a plate under the pot, remove the excess water from it after watering.
You can fertilize your cilantro with manure, but avoid nitrogen or fertilizers rich in it, as in the case of chicken or guano, which will be harmful.
It is possible to plant your cilantro in a pot indoors and later transplant it to the garden, but it is a practice that some discourage. In the case of a small, annual plant, avoid transplanting unless necessary.