The mango, which usually refers to the Mangifera indica , is actually the fruit of a whole genus of citrus trees. This fruit, yellow or orange, is very popular for its slightly acid taste, and has its origin in India and Burma.
Many of the species that are currently consumed have been obtained by grafting or cultivating, and it is used in many dishes in cuisines such as India. If you want to learn how to grow your own mangoes at home to enjoy first hand their fruits in an ecological and economic way, keep reading us in this Green Ecology article in which we explain how and when to germinate and plant a mango.
How to germinate and plant a mango?
Before you can plant the mango seed it will be necessary to make it germinate. For this, the first step is to extract the seed of the fruit, which is protected in a shell or bone. It is important that you use a mango seed that you have just consumed, because it loses its germination capacity very quickly. Follow these steps to germinate a mango seed:
Very carefully, strain the tip of a knife through the wide end of the shell, and make small movements up and down to play and open it. It is very important that you take all possible care not to damage the seed inside.
Once you have opened the shell, remove the seed and prepare a napkin or several pieces of absorbent kitchen paper in which to wrap it.
Place the seed wrapped in the absorbent paper in a container of its approximate size, and moisten the paper with water until it does not absorb more. Once finished, remove the remaining water.
Now that the paper already provides the seed with the darkness and moisture it needs, place the container somewhere in the house with a warm temperature. Remember that mango is a tropical plant, and requires a warm environment.
Moisten the paper again every time it dries, although always ensuring that there is no puddle of water left over. In about ten days or two weeks, your mango seed should have already given a first root a few centimeters in length. When the root exceeds approximately half the length of the seed, it is ready for you to plant.
When to plant a mango?
Now that you have the germinated mango seed, you will have to plant the mango in a pot. Later, when it has grown properly, you can transplant it to its final location.
Since it is a fruit tree with a tropical climate, the best time to plant it are the warm months, avoiding the cold of winter in the first months of the tree’s life. A good time is, therefore, around March.
How to plant a mango step by step?
This is the step by step to easily plant a mango at home :
Prepare a pot about 30 cm deep with a mixture of generic substrate and a fifth or quarter of earthworm humus. This will provide the seed with the necessary nutrients for those first delicate weeks.
With a pencil or a stick, make a hole in the center of the pot approximately the length of the root of the handle.
Careful not to damage or split the root, try to place the seed in the pot so that the root is introduced through the hole created for it.
It covers the root completely with earth. It is not necessary that the seed be covered, but the root itself must be protected. Moisten the substrate with water, avoiding as always puddles but providing enough moisture.
Place the pot in a place in the house where it receives direct sunlight, although if you live in a very warm climate try to remove it at peak times. You can leave the napkin on the seed in the first days or weeks, until you see the first outbreak grow. In just a few weeks, your little tree will grow at full speed if all goes well.
Handle care – basic guide
The mango is not a too demanding plant, and if you provide it with an adequate substrate and keep it moist, you should not have problems in its growth. Anyway, these are the basic points on how to care for a mango tree correctly so that it grows well and comes to fruition:
Although you have to keep your soil moist, do not flood or flood the pot, and if you have a dish underneath, always remove the excess drainage water after watering it.
If you have homemade organic fertilizer, you can provide it in moderation once a month.
Place the plant in an area that receives a lot of sunlight directly, unless it is particularly strong in your area.
When the tree has grown too much for your pot, do not hesitate to transplant it. Keep in mind that these trees can reach 12 meters high, so choose a place wide enough for him if you place it outdoors. So that you know the necessary thing about pruning a mango tree.