If you have a garden or a garden, you have probably heard about natural fertilizer and organic compost. It is an ecological way to recycle waste and enrich the soil of your plants without artificial chemical additives.
One of the most popular and beneficial types of compost is bokashi. Do you want to know what its benefits are and how to prepare it in your own home? Then, join us in reading this post about what is the bokashi or bocashi compost and how to do it at home.
Bokashi or bocashi compost: what is it
The word bokashi literally means ” fermented organic matter ” in Japanese. This is due to the origin of the compost, which is precisely the country of the rising sun. There, the rice farmers devised their formula to boost the production of their lands while taking advantage of their own waste.
The bokashi has a large number of advantages over common compost, the most visible of which is its preparation speed. The normal compost takes about 90 days to be ready for its application, while the bokashi is prepared in just two weeks.
In addition, its composition does not attract undesirable insects and, in fact, scares away many of them. It strengthens the beneficial microorganisms of the soil, thus giving an additional protection to the plants, does not cause unpleasant odors of any kind, and enriches the composition of the soil, providing organic matter and a large amount of nutrients for your plants.
How to make bokashi or bocashi compost
By now, you will be considering how to acquire or make your own bokashi at home . Do not worry, because its preparation is relatively simple and does not require any ingredient beyond the reach of anyone. Gather the following ingredients and follow these simple steps to make your own bokashi.
- 1 container of 5 liters capacity
- 4 liters of tap water
- 6 kg of manure or chicken manure
- 6 kg rice or straw husk
- 6 kg of common ground
- 1 kg of charcoal
- 600 grams of ash or agricultural lime
- 600 grams of bran
- 100 grams of molasses
- A little bit of yeast
This list is made with indicative amounts, and obviously you can reduce or increase them as long as you keep an approximate proportion between them.
Homemade Bokashi step by step
To start, you have to prepare the inoculum, which is what is called the cultivation of beneficial microorganisms that we want to introduce into our bokashi. Place the water in the container, and add the yeast and molasses. Move it until it is homogeneous, cover it and let it rest for 24 hours.
In the space you are going to dedicate to the preparation of your bokashi, place the common earth mixed with coal, which is preferable to be found in small pieces of a similar size. Now add a layer of manure or chicken manure (chicken manure is usually richer in nitrogen), rice husks and bran, as well as lime or ashes.
Once this base is formed, add the container’s inoculum, pouring it over it, trying to distribute it more or less equally. With the help of a stick or a tool, move the mixture and let it rest for a full day.
Keep stirring your mix twice a day, preferably in the morning and late in the afternoon. In about two weeks your mix should be ready, and the fermentation process will have been responsible for maintaining a high temperature that will have killed undesirable microorganisms. It is important that you do not notice unpleasant odors in the process, since they are an indicator that something is not going well.
After 15 days, you can use your bokashi to enrich the soil or substrate of your plants. The mixture will continue to be useful for about 3 months, after which you must get rid of the one you have not used.
How to use the bokashi compost?
As a type of organic compost that is, it has no secret in its use. Here are some tips on how to use the bokashi or bocashi compost :
- Simply mix the bokashi with the soil or substrate on which you are going to plant.
- In addition, you can use it both in gardens and outdoor crops as in pots or seedlings.
- In the case of pots or nurseries, it is sufficient to use a ratio of no more than 20% bokashi.
- If you add it to the land of your crops, you can apply it every 3 or 4 weeks to give your plants that extra contribution of energy and protection against pests and diseases.